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What is irritable bowel syndrome?

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a common condition for which patients seek healthcare and the most common reason for a visit to a gastroenterologist. It affects at least 1 in 10 people and is considered the most common of the functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). The primary symptom is abdominal pain -- usually in the large intestine or stomach -- along with either constipation or diarrhea or both. The pain can be intense and constant, but often it fluctuates. Food moving through the intestines too quickly may result in diarrhea; too slowly, constipation. The gut may thus lose its normal rhythmicity.

What is neck pain?

Neck pain is one of the most common types of pain disorders in the general population. At any given time, 34-43% of the population report having neck pain. 14-22% percent of the general population report having chronic neck pain.1, 2 Healthcare providers consider pain to be chronic when it lasts longer than six months.

What is complex regional pain syndrome?

Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is an uncommon nerve-related pain condition. While it can occur in any body part, it usually occurs in an arm or leg. It has a typical set of signs and symptoms in the affected body part:

What is chronic fatigue syndrome?

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a condition of severe exhaustion that lasts for at least six months and which is not due to a known medical or psychological disorder. The exhaustion persists despite obtaining rest. CFS occurs in 0.46 to 1% of the general population and 80% of those with CFS are women.1 

What is temporomandibular joint disorder?

Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD -- sometimes referred to as TMJ) is a pain disorder that occurs in the joints of the jaws, on either side of the face. Specifically, it occurs in the joints located in front of the ears, where the lower jaw joins the face. The pain is usually described as a tension-related ache, though in more advanced stages it can be a sharp pain.

What is shoulder pain?

Shoulder pain is common. Sometimes, it occurs in an acute manner, such as in a sports injury or when it becomes dislocated. Other times, it comes and goes, such as when people have bursitis. Sometimes, it lasts longer. Tendinitis can continue for some time but can usually be improved with care. In most cases of chronic shoulder pain, it is due to osteoarthritis.

What is sciatica?

Sciatica is a common pain condition marked by pain, numbness and/or tingling beginning in the buttock and oftentimes extending down the leg, all the way to the foot.

What is reflex sympathetic dystrophy?

Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) is an uncommon nerve-related pain condition. It can occur in any body part, though it typically occurs in an arm or leg. It has a typical set of signs and symptoms in the affected body part:

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